Washington had the nation’s 7th worst highway system in 2013, according to the Reason Foundation’s Annual Highway Report. (h/t to the Association of Washington Business.) The research report ranks Washington 43rd in its overall assessment of “highway performance and cost-effectiveness.”
The report is
based on spending and performance data that state highway agencies submitted to the federal government for 2013, the most recent year with complete data available.
That’s two years before lawmakers here adopted the comprehensive 2015 transportation finance package. More on that below. Here’s Reason’s national map ranking the states.
Reason describes its method this way:
Since states have different budgets, highway system sizes, traffic patterns and geographical circumstances, their comparative performance depends on both system performance and the resources available. To determine relative performance, state highway system budgets (per mile of responsibility) are compared with system performance, state by state. States with high ratings typically have better-than-average highway system conditions—low numbers of deficient bridges, and smooth pavement conditions—along with relatively low per-mile expenditures on metrics such as administrative costs.
That methodology produces a somewhat predictable outcome:
This year’s best overall states are South Carolina, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska and Maine. At the bottom of the overall rankings are Alaska, New Jersey, Hawaii, Rhode Island and Massachusetts.
The top-performing states in the overall rankings this year are rural states with limited traffic congestion. But several states with large urban areas also rank highly: Ohio (9th), Missouri (12th), North Carolina (15th) and Texas (19th), for example. A careful review suggests that numerous factors—terrain, climate, geography, truck traffic volume, urbanization, highway system age, long-term maintenance prioritization, budget priorities, unit cost differences, overall state budget circumstances and management philosophies are likely also affecting overall performance. [Our note: Table references omitted.]
According to new data on bridge conditions, Washington is holding steady with 25.8 percent of bridges rated as functionally obsolete or structurally deficient. However, conditions have worsened in other states, giving Washington a bump up in the Connect score.
Top performer: Kansas takes the top spot with a Connect score of 121. Eighty-two percent of roads in that state are rated good or very good, compared to 50 percent in Washington. Kansas also has a lower percentage of deficient bridges (16.3 percent) compared to Washington. Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, and New Mexico round up the top five in Connect.
The Data: Measures of transportation system performance include commute times, bridge quality, and road quality.
Although using different metrics, the reports do align in that the top ranking states are, using the Reason Foundation’s words, “rural states with limited traffic congestion.” But there’s no reason Washington cannot rise in the rankings in future years.
Our state’s critically important transportation finance package will take several years to produce the positive benefits statewide, and longer to show up in the data used by groups like Reason (and Opportunity Washington) for interstate comparisons. But it will produce benefits.
As business leaders wrote in a PSBJ commentary in July 2015,
This package includes more than $1.3 billion for preservation and maintenance, which will enable the state to take better care of its roads and bridges. It provides $8.8 billion for construction, making key investments and finishing projects in important economic corridors such as SR 520, the Puget Sound Gateway (State Routes 167 and 509), and the I-90 expansion over Snoqualmie Pass. It also provides $445 million in direct distributions to cities and counties for local projects.
This package delivers on the promise of a more integrated system. It provides $1 billion for the multimodal fund. Add to that, commuters and visitors will benefit from a $602 million investment in the state ferry system. Voters in the Puget Sound region also will have an opportunity to consider a major expansion of high-capacity transit.
The Reason Foundation study is a good reminder of why the investment was necessary.