The Daily Yonder offers a mixed analysis of rural employment. Despite some rural gains, the gap between urban and rural communities continues to widen, as the graph below shows.
Tim Marema reports,
New annual job numbers from the Bureau of Labor Statistics confirm that the effects of the Great Recession went deeper and have lasted longer in rural America than they did in the rest of the nation.
The 2017 annual jobs report shows that rural counties (defined as nonmetropolitan) still haven’t gotten back to levels of employment they saw in 2008 at the beginning of the recession.
Rural counties had 750,000 fewer jobs in 2017 than they did in 2008. That’s a drop of 3.5% over the nine-year period.
Meanwhile, the nation’s largest metropolitan areas (those with populations of 1 million or more) climbed out of their job deficit by 2012. In 2017 they had 10% more jobs than they did in 2008. That’s an increase of 7.8 million jobs. (Major metropolitan counties are shown in the red line in the graph …)
We hear a lot about the decline of rural manufacturing, but counties where that industry predominates actually fared better than the rest. Those counties lost about 2% of their overall employment for the period, dropping by approximately 100,000 jobs to 4.6 million from 2008 to 2016. Manufacturing counties also had more jobs than any other type of county except nonspecialized ones. One out of every four rural jobs is in a county dominated by manufacturing. Mining-dominated counties account for 7% of all nonmetropolitan employment.
Counties where farming predominated (the red line in the top graph) held steadiest in employment throughout the recession and recovery. But farming counties don’t account for a lot of jobs compared to other types of counties.
This analysis is consistent with a USDA report underscoring the importance of manufacturing to rural economies, cited here. In our post on the report, we commented,
Lawmakers missed an opportunity to aid Washington manufacturers by reinstating the tax relief passed last session and vetoed by Gov. Inslee…
Promoting increased manufacturing investment and job creation by providing tax relief should again be on the agenda when lawmakers return next year. It’s an issue that will not go away.
Independent analysis continues to confirm our conclusion.